Cataracts Surgery Boston MA

As light passes through the lens of the eye, proteins in the lens are unavoidably subjected to damage by free radicals. These damaged proteins change from crystal clear to cloudy and over time can create dark regions in the lens known as cataracts. Read on to find more information.

Caroline Robin Baumal, MD
(617) 636-1486
750 Washington St # 450
Boston, MA
Specialties
Ophthalmology
Gender
Female
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Toronto, Fac Of Med, Toronto, Ont, Canada
Graduation Year: 1991

Data Provided by:
Armando Luis Oliver, MD
(410) 955-2966
850 Harrison Ave
Boston, MA
Specialties
Ophthalmology
Gender
Male
Languages
Italian, Spanish
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Pr Sch Of Med, San Juan Pr 00936
Graduation Year: 1998
Hospital
Hospital: Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Md

Data Provided by:
Kambiz Negahban, MD
(508) 655-5810
720 Harrison Ave # F
Boston, MA
Specialties
Ophthalmology
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Boston Univ Sch Of Med, Boston Ma 02118
Graduation Year: 1997

Data Provided by:
Dimitra Skondra, MD
Boston, MA
Specialties
Ophthalmology
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Crete
Graduation Year: 2000

Data Provided by:
Peter A D Rubin, MD FACS
(617) 573-5548
243 Charles St
Boston, MA
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Yale
Graduation Year: 1985

Data Provided by:
Shizuo Mukai, MD
(617) 573-3730
243 Charles St
Boston, MA
Specialties
Ophthalmology
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Brown Univ Program In Med, Providence Ri 02912
Graduation Year: 1982

Data Provided by:
Stephen Reilly Smith, MD
(630) 416-1291
Boston, MA
Specialties
Ophthalmology
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Tulane Univ Sch Of Med, New Orleans La 70112
Graduation Year: 2001

Data Provided by:
Nadia Khalida Waheed, MD
243 Charles St
Boston, MA
Specialties
Ophthalmology
Gender
Female
Education
Medical School: Aga Khan Med Coll, Aga Khan Univ, Karachi, Pakistan
Graduation Year: 1998

Data Provided by:
Peter Adam Rubin, MD
(617) 573-5548
243 Charles St
Boston, MA
Specialties
Ophthalmology
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Yale Univ Sch Of Med, New Haven Ct 06510
Graduation Year: 1985

Data Provided by:
Robert Michael Kershner, MD
(520) 797-2020
2 Avery St Apt 19E
Boston, MA
Specialties
Ophthalmology
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Vt Coll Of Med, Burlington Vt 05405
Graduation Year: 1980

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Ask the Doctor—Are There Any Nutritional Ways to Prevent Cataracts?

Provided by: 

By Terry Grossman, MD,

Q Are there any nutritional ways to prevent cataracts?

As light passes through the lens of the eye, proteins in the lens are unavoidably subjected to damage by free radicals. These damaged proteins change from crystal clear to cloudy and over time can create dark regions in the lens known as cataracts.

The body is able to prevent free-radical damage by transforming the toxic free radicals into harmless compounds through the use of three built-in antioxidant enzymes: catalase, superoxide dismutase, and glutathione peroxidase, all of which normally are found within the lens itself. However, a small percentage still escapes neutralization and can lead to lens damage and cataract formation.

In addition to the antioxidant enzymes, the body utilizes dietary vitamins, minerals, and other micronutrients as another line of defense to neutralize free-radical damage. Italian researchers established an association between diet and cataract risk 40 years ago when they found that people who consumed higher amounts of meat, cheese, cruciferous vegetables (like broccoli, kale, and cauliflower), spinach, tomatoes, peppers, citrus fruit, and melon needed cataract surgery less often. Increased risk occurred among people who consumed higher amounts of butter, total fat, and salt. They also found that using olive oil and eating spinach appeared to protect against cataract formation, while eating carrots did not.

Several more recent studies have looked at the relationship between nutritional supplementation and cataract risk. The most notable are highlighted below.

• The Lens Opacities Case-Control Study in 1991 followed 1,380 patients and found that “regular use of multi-vitamin supplements decreased risk” of cataract formation. Individual nutrients such as vitamins B1, B2, B3, C, and E; carotene; and iron reduced risk individually as did supplemental combinations of vitamins C and E and carotene.

• The Beaver Dam Eye Study from Wisconsin followed 1,354 patients from 1988 to 1995. Antioxidant intake was determined from a food questionnaire. People who consumed the highest amount of the bioflavonoid lutein—found in green, leafy vegetables such as spinach and kale as well as yellow foods such as squash and egg yolks—had 50 percent fewer cataracts compared with people who consumed the least lutein.

• The US Male Health Professionals’ Study followed 36,644 men between 45 and 75 years of age beginning in 1986 and found that men with a higher lutein intake had a 19 percent decreased rate of cataract surgery.

• The Blue Mountain Eye Study from Australia found that “long-term use of multivitamins, B group, and vitamin A supplements was associated with reduced prevalence of either nuclear or cortical cataracts.” Folate and vitamin B12 supplementation was also found to be useful.

• The Nurses’ Health Study from Boston found that vitamin C intake was associated with a 64 percent decreased cataract risk among women who used vitamin C for ...

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